This work proposes two quantum dialogue protocols, each of which is robust against one of the following two kinds of collective noise: collective-dephasing noise and collective-rotation noise. Both quantum dialogue protocols are constructed from four-qubit DF states that consist of two Bell states. The receiver simply performs two Bell state measurements to obtain the secret message. Moreover, the proposed protocols are free from information leakage because some shared private quantum states are established in the new protocols to allow the legitimate users to exchange their secret messages securely.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Signal Processing
- Modelling and Simulation
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering