Scope: Atherosclerosis is believed to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular diseases. A growing body of evidence suggests that quercetin is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound. The molecular mechanisms underlying its protective effects against oxidative stress in human endothelial cells remain unclear. This study was designed to confirm the hypothesis that quercetin inhibits oxidized LDL (oxLDL) induced endothelial oxidative damage by activating sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and to explore the role of adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK), which is a negative regulator of Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase (NADPH oxidase) and free radicals. Methods and results: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were treated with oxLDL with or without quercetin pretreatment. We found that quercetin pretreatment increased SIRT1 mRNA expression. In fact, quercetin protected against oxLDL-impaired SIRT1 and AMPK activities and reduced oxLDL-activated NOX2 and NOX4. However, silencing SIRT1 and AMPK diminished the protective function of quercetin against oxidative injuries. The results also indicated that oxLDL suppressed AKT/endothelial NO synthase, impaired mitochondrial dysfunction, and enhanced reactive oxygen species formation, activating the Nuclear Factor Kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. Conclusion: These results provide new insight regarding the possible molecular mechanisms of quercetin. Quercetin suppresses oxLDL-induced endothelial oxidative injuries by activating SIRT1 and modulating the AMPK/NADPH oxidase/AKT/endothelial NO synthase signaling pathway.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science