Random forests for landslide prediction in tsengwen river watershed, Central Taiwan

Youg Sin Cheng, Teng To Yu, Nguyen Thanh Son

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Landslides have been identified as one of the costliest and deadliest natural disasters, causing tremendous damage to humans and societies. Information regarding the spatial extent of landslides is thus important to allow officials to devise successful strategies to mitigate landslide hazards. This study aims to develop a machine-learning approach for predicting landslide areas in the Tsengwen River Watershed (TRW), which is one of the most landslide-prone areas in Central Taiwan. Various spatial datasets were collected from 2009 to 2015 to derive 36 predictive variables used for landslide modeling with random forests (RF). The results of landslide prediction, compared with ground reference data, indicated an overall accuracy of 91.4% and Kappa coefficient of 0.83, respectively. The findings achieved from estimates of predictor importance also indicated to officials that the land-use/land-cover (LULC) type, distance to previous landslides, distance to roads, bank erosion, annual groundwater recharge, geological line density, aspect, and slope are the most influential factors that trigger landslides in the study region.

Original languageEnglish
Article number199
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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