Rapid and highly integrated FPGA-based Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for adaptive optics system

Yi Pin Chen, Chia-Yuan Chang, Shean Jen Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In this study, a field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor (SHWS) programmed on LabVIEW can be highly integrated into customized applications such as adaptive optics system (AOS) for performing real-time wavefront measurement. Further, a Camera Link frame grabber embedded with FPGA is adopted to enhance the sensor speed reacting to variation considering its advantage of the highest data transmission bandwidth. Instead of waiting for a frame image to be captured by the FPGA, the Shack-Hartmann algorithm are implemented in parallel processing blocks design and let the image data transmission synchronize with the wavefront reconstruction. On the other hand, we design a mechanism to control the deformable mirror in the same FPGA and verify the Shack-Hartmann sensor speed by controlling the frequency of the deformable mirror dynamic surface deformation. Currently, this FPGAbead SHWS design can achieve a 266 Hz cyclic speed limited by the camera frame rate as well as leaves 40% logic slices for additionally flexible design.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV
EditorsJoel Kubby, Sylvain Gigan, Thomas G. Bifano
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510614895
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
EventAdaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV 2018 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 2018 Jan 272018 Jan 29

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
Volume10502
ISSN (Print)1605-7422

Conference

ConferenceAdaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV 2018
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period18-01-2718-01-29

Fingerprint

field-programmable gate arrays
Adaptive optics
Computer Systems
Wavefronts
adaptive optics
Field programmable gate arrays (FPGA)
deformable mirrors
sensors
Sensors
data transmission
Data communication systems
Mirrors
Cameras
cameras
leaves
logic
time measurement
bandwidth
Bandwidth
Processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Chen, Y. P., Chang, C-Y., & Chen, S. J. (2018). Rapid and highly integrated FPGA-based Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for adaptive optics system. In J. Kubby, S. Gigan, & T. G. Bifano (Eds.), Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV [1050203] (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 10502). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2289095
Chen, Yi Pin ; Chang, Chia-Yuan ; Chen, Shean Jen. / Rapid and highly integrated FPGA-based Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for adaptive optics system. Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV. editor / Joel Kubby ; Sylvain Gigan ; Thomas G. Bifano. SPIE, 2018. (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE).
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Chen, YP, Chang, C-Y & Chen, SJ 2018, Rapid and highly integrated FPGA-based Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for adaptive optics system. in J Kubby, S Gigan & TG Bifano (eds), Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV., 1050203, Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 10502, SPIE, Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV 2018, San Francisco, United States, 18-01-27. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2289095

Rapid and highly integrated FPGA-based Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for adaptive optics system. / Chen, Yi Pin; Chang, Chia-Yuan; Chen, Shean Jen.

Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV. ed. / Joel Kubby; Sylvain Gigan; Thomas G. Bifano. SPIE, 2018. 1050203 (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 10502).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Chen YP, Chang C-Y, Chen SJ. Rapid and highly integrated FPGA-based Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor for adaptive optics system. In Kubby J, Gigan S, Bifano TG, editors, Adaptive Optics and Wavefront Control for Biological Systems IV. SPIE. 2018. 1050203. (Progress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2289095