Rapid and Sensitive Pathogen Detection by DNA Amplification Using Janus Particle-Enabled Rotational Diffusometry

Dhrubajyoti Das, Wei Long Chen, Han Sheng Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Rapid and sensitive detection of infectious bacteria is in all-time high demand to prevent the further spread of the infection and allow early medical intervention. In this study, we use rotational diffusometry (RD), a natural phenomenon characterized by Janus particles, to detect pathogens like Escherichia coli by performing amplification of specific genes. This biosensing method is used to measure the change in viscosity of the fluid in the presence and absence of DNA in the solution by capturing images of modified microbeads at 10 Hz by a CCD camera followed by cross-correlation algorithm analysis. Using rotational diffusometry, we have achieved E. coli detection with 50 pg/μL DNA with a measurement time of 30 s and a sample volume of 2 μL. This sensitivity was achieved with 30 thermal cycles for three different amplicons, viz., 84, 147, and 246 bp. Meanwhile, in the case of 10 and 20 thermal cycles, the detection sensitivity was achieved with 0.1 and 1 ng/μL DNA concentrations for a 246 bp amplicon. Compared with conventional PCR, this technique appears to improve the detection time, thereby reaching a turnaround time of less than 60 min. Other studies showed a successful identification of DNA amplification up to 10 thermal cycles with different sizes of amplicons. The effect of DNA concentration, amplicon size, and the number of thermal cycles on the detection of E. coli was examined in detail and represented in the form of three maps. These maps show the clear difference and the advantages of RD method in comparison with conventional PCR. This unconventional and rapid biosensing method can be used further for downstream application of nucleic acid amplification-based pathogen detection and early disease control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13945-13951
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Rapid and Sensitive Pathogen Detection by DNA Amplification Using Janus Particle-Enabled Rotational Diffusometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this