Rare coexistence of gouty and septic arthritis: A report of 14 cases

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Abstract

Objective: To analyze the characteristic features of patients with coexistence of gouty arthritis and pyarthrosis at our university hospital in southern Taiwan, an area with high prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for patients who had concomitant gouty and septic arthritis from July 1998 to June 2008. Clinical and laboratory data of these patients were analyzed. Furthermore, a comparison was made with published cases in English literature. Results: Fourteen cases with coexistence of gouty arthritis and pyarthrosis have been identified during the past 10 years. There were 13 male and 1 female, all of Han Chinese in ethnicity, with ages ranging from 45 to 85 and an average of 63.7 years. At disease presentation, there were 11 oligoarticular cases (78.6%), 2 monoarticular cases (14.3%) and 1 polyarticular case (7.1%). Ankle and knee joints were most commonly involved. Bacteriological analyses demonstrated gram-positive cocci in 12 cases, of these 10 were oxacillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (71.4%). Multiple tophi deposition was noted in 13 patients (92.9%) and among them 11 patients (84.6%) had associated chronic kidney disease. Conclusion: Different clinical presentations and bacteriological characteristics have been identified in the present series. While the mechanisms responsible for such a coexistence remain to be elucidated, these cases underline the importance of thorough evaluation of the aspirated synovial fluid. Our report adds a novel insight into the understanding of the clinical and microbiological manifestations of such a rare concurrence of gouty and septic arthritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)902-906
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Volume27
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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