Rates of solubilization of triolein into nonionic surfactant solutions

Bing-Hung Chen, Clarence A. Miller, Peter R. Garrett

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Videomicroscopy was used to measure the rates of solubilization of triolein drops injected into thin, rectangular glass cells containing solutions of nonionic surfactants and their mixtures with alcohols at various temperatures. In most cases it was observed that after an induction period where drop radius was nearly constant, the rate (-dR/dt) of decrease in radius, which was proportional to the solubilization rate per unit area, was independent of time and of initial drop size. This behavior is not consistent with solubilization limited by diffusion in a stagnant surfactant solution with local equilibrium at the interface. Instead it suggests that processes occurring at the interface control the rate of solubilization. The rates of solubilization of triolein by the secondary alcohol ethoxylate Tergitol 15-S-7 at 30 °C and 35 °C, the latter temperature being just below the cloud point, were several times the corresponding rates for the pure linear alcohol ethoxylate C12E6 with enough n-dodecanol added to give it nearly the same cloud point. The difference in rates was much greater than could be explained by the relatively small differences in equilibrium solubilization of triolein and apparently stemmed from the smaller thickness and increased disorder in the hydrocarbon chain region of Tergitol 15-S-7 films which produced greater film flexibility. In contrast, the rates of solubilization of n-hexadecane by the two surfactant solutions were about the same and several times greater than the triolein solubilization rates. Addition of short-chain alcohols to the surfactant solutions increased the rates of solubilization of both triolein and n-hexadecane for both linear and secondary alcohol ethoxylates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-143
Number of pages15
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume128
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Aug 1
EventProceedings of the 1996 11th International Symposium on Surfactants in Solution - Jerusalem, Isr
Duration: 1996 Jun 11996 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Triolein
Nonionic surfactants
Alcohols
surfactants
Poloxalene
Surface-Active Agents
Surface active agents
alcohols
Dodecanol
Hydrocarbons
Glass
Temperature
drop size
radii
induction
flexibility
hydrocarbons
disorders

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

@article{a765dfb8b4d645138195222674568a83,
title = "Rates of solubilization of triolein into nonionic surfactant solutions",
abstract = "Videomicroscopy was used to measure the rates of solubilization of triolein drops injected into thin, rectangular glass cells containing solutions of nonionic surfactants and their mixtures with alcohols at various temperatures. In most cases it was observed that after an induction period where drop radius was nearly constant, the rate (-dR/dt) of decrease in radius, which was proportional to the solubilization rate per unit area, was independent of time and of initial drop size. This behavior is not consistent with solubilization limited by diffusion in a stagnant surfactant solution with local equilibrium at the interface. Instead it suggests that processes occurring at the interface control the rate of solubilization. The rates of solubilization of triolein by the secondary alcohol ethoxylate Tergitol 15-S-7 at 30 °C and 35 °C, the latter temperature being just below the cloud point, were several times the corresponding rates for the pure linear alcohol ethoxylate C12E6 with enough n-dodecanol added to give it nearly the same cloud point. The difference in rates was much greater than could be explained by the relatively small differences in equilibrium solubilization of triolein and apparently stemmed from the smaller thickness and increased disorder in the hydrocarbon chain region of Tergitol 15-S-7 films which produced greater film flexibility. In contrast, the rates of solubilization of n-hexadecane by the two surfactant solutions were about the same and several times greater than the triolein solubilization rates. Addition of short-chain alcohols to the surfactant solutions increased the rates of solubilization of both triolein and n-hexadecane for both linear and secondary alcohol ethoxylates.",
author = "Bing-Hung Chen and Miller, {Clarence A.} and Garrett, {Peter R.}",
year = "1997",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0927-7757(96)03920-9",
language = "English",
volume = "128",
pages = "129--143",
journal = "Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects",
issn = "0927-7757",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

Rates of solubilization of triolein into nonionic surfactant solutions. / Chen, Bing-Hung; Miller, Clarence A.; Garrett, Peter R.

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 128, No. 1-3, 01.08.1997, p. 129-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rates of solubilization of triolein into nonionic surfactant solutions

AU - Chen, Bing-Hung

AU - Miller, Clarence A.

AU - Garrett, Peter R.

PY - 1997/8/1

Y1 - 1997/8/1

N2 - Videomicroscopy was used to measure the rates of solubilization of triolein drops injected into thin, rectangular glass cells containing solutions of nonionic surfactants and their mixtures with alcohols at various temperatures. In most cases it was observed that after an induction period where drop radius was nearly constant, the rate (-dR/dt) of decrease in radius, which was proportional to the solubilization rate per unit area, was independent of time and of initial drop size. This behavior is not consistent with solubilization limited by diffusion in a stagnant surfactant solution with local equilibrium at the interface. Instead it suggests that processes occurring at the interface control the rate of solubilization. The rates of solubilization of triolein by the secondary alcohol ethoxylate Tergitol 15-S-7 at 30 °C and 35 °C, the latter temperature being just below the cloud point, were several times the corresponding rates for the pure linear alcohol ethoxylate C12E6 with enough n-dodecanol added to give it nearly the same cloud point. The difference in rates was much greater than could be explained by the relatively small differences in equilibrium solubilization of triolein and apparently stemmed from the smaller thickness and increased disorder in the hydrocarbon chain region of Tergitol 15-S-7 films which produced greater film flexibility. In contrast, the rates of solubilization of n-hexadecane by the two surfactant solutions were about the same and several times greater than the triolein solubilization rates. Addition of short-chain alcohols to the surfactant solutions increased the rates of solubilization of both triolein and n-hexadecane for both linear and secondary alcohol ethoxylates.

AB - Videomicroscopy was used to measure the rates of solubilization of triolein drops injected into thin, rectangular glass cells containing solutions of nonionic surfactants and their mixtures with alcohols at various temperatures. In most cases it was observed that after an induction period where drop radius was nearly constant, the rate (-dR/dt) of decrease in radius, which was proportional to the solubilization rate per unit area, was independent of time and of initial drop size. This behavior is not consistent with solubilization limited by diffusion in a stagnant surfactant solution with local equilibrium at the interface. Instead it suggests that processes occurring at the interface control the rate of solubilization. The rates of solubilization of triolein by the secondary alcohol ethoxylate Tergitol 15-S-7 at 30 °C and 35 °C, the latter temperature being just below the cloud point, were several times the corresponding rates for the pure linear alcohol ethoxylate C12E6 with enough n-dodecanol added to give it nearly the same cloud point. The difference in rates was much greater than could be explained by the relatively small differences in equilibrium solubilization of triolein and apparently stemmed from the smaller thickness and increased disorder in the hydrocarbon chain region of Tergitol 15-S-7 films which produced greater film flexibility. In contrast, the rates of solubilization of n-hexadecane by the two surfactant solutions were about the same and several times greater than the triolein solubilization rates. Addition of short-chain alcohols to the surfactant solutions increased the rates of solubilization of both triolein and n-hexadecane for both linear and secondary alcohol ethoxylates.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031214109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031214109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0927-7757(96)03920-9

DO - 10.1016/S0927-7757(96)03920-9

M3 - Conference article

VL - 128

SP - 129

EP - 143

JO - Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects

JF - Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects

SN - 0927-7757

IS - 1-3

ER -