Real-Time Control of the Air Volume in Ventilation Facilities by Limiting CO2Concentration With Cluster Algorithms

Chen Yu Pan, Hsieh Chih Hsu, Ko Wei Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Ventilation improves indoor air quality and reduces airborne infections. It is particularly important at present because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Commercially available ventilation facilities can only be instantly turned on/off or at a set time with adjustable air volumes (high, middle, and low). However, maintaining the indoor carbon dioxide concentration while reducing the energy consumption of these facilities is challenging. Hence, this study developed clustering algorithms to determine the carbon dioxide concentration limit, thus enabling real-time air volume adjustment. These limit values were set using the existing energy recovery ventilation (ERV) controller. In the experiment, dual estimation was adopted, and the constructing building energy models from data were sampled at a low rate to compare that the ventilation facilities are only turned on/off. In addition, switching control is closely related to fuzzy control; that is, fuzzy control can be considered a smooth version of switching control. The experimental results indicated that the limits of 600 and 700 ppm were suitable to effectively control the real-time air volume based on the ERV operation. An ERV-based carbon dioxide concentration limit reduced the energy consumption of ventilation facilities by 11% implications of this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12894-12903
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Issue number12
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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