Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) may demonstrate secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT), characterized by parathyroid hormone oversecretion in response to electrolyte imbalance (e.g., hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia). Moreover, this electrolyte imbalance may affect vocal cord muscle contraction and lead to voice change. Here, we explored the effects of SHPT on the voices of patients with ESRD. We used data of 147,026 patients with ESRD from the registry for catastrophic illness patients, a sub-database of Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We divided these patients into 2 groups based on whether they had hyperparathyroidism (HPT) and compared vocal dysfunction (VD) incidence among them. We also prospectively included 60 ESRD patients with SHPT; 45 of them underwent parathyroidectomy. Preoperatively and postoperatively, voice analysis was used to investigate changes in vocal parameters. In the real-world database analysis, the presence of HPT significantly increased VD incidence in patients with ESRD (p = 0.003): Cox regression analysis results indicated that patients with ESRD had an approximately 1.6-fold increased VD risk (p = 0.003). In the clinical analysis, the “jitter” and “shimmer” factors improved significantly after operation, whereas the aerodynamic factors remained unchanged. In conclusion, SHPT was an independent risk factor for VD in patients with ESRD, mainly affecting their acoustic factors.
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