Recent expansion of a new ingi-related clade of Vingi non-LTR retrotransposons in hedgehogs

Kenji K. Kojima, Vladimir V. Kapitonov, Jerzy Jurka

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Autonomous non-long terminal repeat (non-LTR) retrotransposons and their repetitive remnants are ubiquitous components of mammalian genomes. Recently, we identified non-LTR retrotransposon families, Ingi-1-AAl and Ingi-1-EE, in two hedgehog genomes. Here we rename them to Vingi-1-AAl and Vingi-1-EE and report a new clade "Vingi," which is a sister clade of Ingi that lacks the ribonuclease H domain. In the European hedgehog genome, there are 11 non-autonomous families of elements derived from Vingi-1-EE by internal deletions. No retrotransposons related to Vingi elements were found in any of the remaining 33 mammalian genomes nearly completely sequenced to date, but we identified several new families of Vingi and Ingi retrotransposons outside mammals. Our data suggest the horizontal transfer of Vingi elements to hedgehog, although the vertical transfer cannot be ruled out. The compact structure and trans-mobilization of nonautonomous derivatives of Vingi can make them useful for in vivo retrotransposition assay system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-20
Number of pages4
JournalMolecular Biology and Evolution
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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