Recent results from DIII-D and their implications for next generation tokamaks

J. L. Luxon, G. Bramson, K. H. Burrell, N. H. Brooks, D. Buchenauer, R. W. Callis, T. N. Carlstrom, C. Challis, M. S. Chu, S. Coda, A. P. Colleraine, J. C. Deboo, B. De Gentile, J. De Haas, E. J. Doyle, J. R. Ferron, R. Freeman, T. Fukuda, A. Futch, A. FyaretdinovG. Giruzzi, P. Gohil, Gorelov Yu Gorelov, C. M. Greenfield, R. J. Groebner, W. Heidbrink, D. N. Hill, R. Hong, W. Howl, C. L. Hsieh, G. L. Jackson, R. A. James, S. Janz, T. Jensen, R. Jong, Y. Kamada, A. G. Kellman, J. Kim, H. Kubo, T. Kurki-Suonio, L. L. Lao, R. La Haye, E. A. Lazarus, T. Lehecka, S. I. Lippmann, B. Lloyd, J. Lohr, T. C. Luce, N. C. Luhmann, M. A. Mahdavi, H. Matsumoto, G. Matthews, M. Mayberry, B. Mills, C. P. Moeller, T. H. Osborne, D. O. Overskei, W. A. Peebles, P. I. Petersen, T. W. Petrie, C. Petty, R. Philipona, J. Phillips, R. Pinsker, P. A. Politzer, M. Porkolab, G. D. Porter, R. Prater, M. E. Rensink, J. Rodriguez, G. Sager, M. J. Schaffer, D. P. Schissel, J. T. Scoville, R. P. Seraydarian, T. C. Simonen, R. T. Snider, B. W. Stallard, R. D. Stambaugh, H. St John, R. E. Stockdale, E. J. Strait, P. L. Taylor, T. S. Taylor, P. K. Trost, V. Trukhin, J. Wight, J. Winter, D. Wroblewski

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Abstract

Recent results from the DIII-D tokamak have provided significant contributions to the understanding of many of the elements of tokamak physics and the application of this understanding to the design of next generation devices including ITER and CIT. The limitations of magnetohydrodynamic stability on the values of plasma beta (the ratio of kinetic pressure to the containing pressure of the magnetic field) that can be attained has been experimentally demonstrated and found to be described by existing theory. Values of beta (10.7%) well in excess of those required for proposed devices (ITER and CIT) have been demonstrated. Regimes of confinement (H-mode) have been established that scale favorably to proposed next generation devices, and experiments demonstrating the dependence of the energy confinement on plasma size have been completed. Understanding of confinement is rapidly developing especially in the areas of bulk transport and the role of turbulence in the plasma edge. Key experimental results in areas of plasma transport and edge plasma phenomena are in agreement with theories based on short wavelength turbulence. Control of the divertor heat loads and impurity influx has been demonstrated, and new progress has been made in the understanding of plasma edge phenomena. Experiments with ion Bernstein wave heating have not found regimes in which these waves can produce effective central ion heating. Electron cyclotron current drive experiments have demonstrated 70 kA of driven current in 400 kA discharges.

Original languageEnglish
Article number004
Pages (from-to)869-887
Number of pages19
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Luxon, J. L., Bramson, G., Burrell, K. H., Brooks, N. H., Buchenauer, D., Callis, R. W., Carlstrom, T. N., Challis, C., Chu, M. S., Coda, S., Colleraine, A. P., Deboo, J. C., De Gentile, B., De Haas, J., Doyle, E. J., Ferron, J. R., Freeman, R., Fukuda, T., Futch, A., ... Wroblewski, D. (1990). Recent results from DIII-D and their implications for next generation tokamaks. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 32(11), 869-887. [004]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/32/11/004