Mammograms taken by two views: cranio-caudal (CC) and medio-lateral oblique (MLO) views provide only 2D projections of the microcalcifications, which lack the depth information. Thus, envisioning the relative lesion location from mammograms is a challenge for radiologists. To assist radiologists in locating and rendering lesion tissues, a modified projective grid space (MPGS) scheme is proposed to reconstruct 3D microcalcifications. The MPGS scheme reconstructs 3D microcalcifications in a unique space defined by corresponding points and the epipoles retrieved from the fundamental matrix of the CC and MLO views. Since only corresponding points of images are required in the proposed MPGS scheme, we can avoid the difficulty associated with most reconstruction approaches that require prior complicated calibration of X-ray machine. Considering the deformation of the breast, a new method based on the concept of bundle adjustment is proposed to rectify the 3D locations of reconstructed microcalcifications by uncompressed breast model reconstructed from the real patient body using MPGS scheme with iterative closest point (ICP). Then, the reconstructed microcalcifications are augmented in the real patient body model to show their relative positions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
- Health Informatics
- Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design