Objectives: Recurrent falls, compared to single fall, may increase the risk of injuries and disabilities in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and associated risk factors of recurrent falls among elderly female residents in a remote, aging community in Taiwan. Methods: A cross-sectional epidemiological survey of 1,040 elderly (aged over 65 years old) female residents living at Tianliao District of Kaohsiung County was performed in 2009. Subjects were selected by the simple random sampling method. For each subject, a standardized face-to-face interview was conducted based on a structured questionnaire (including social demographic data, lifestyle, fall history, and past medical history) that also inquired into the subject's self-perceived health status and bodily pain history. A total of 368 effective questionnaires were collected. Results: A total of 177 fall incidents were reported among the 368 female elderly subjects with 49 (13.3%) subjects experiencing a fall (occasional fallers) and 34 (9.2%) experiencing two or more falls (recurrent fallers) in the preceding year. Most of the falls took place outdoors (73%). Multinominal logistic regression analysis revealed that history of cardiovascular diseases, use of glucosamine, and presence of bodily pain were positively associated with recurrent falls, while higher body mass index and fair or good self-perceived health status were inversely associated with recurrent falls. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that the prevalence of recurrent falls in female elderly residents living in a remote aging community is not uncommon. Older females with worse self-perceived health status, bodily pain, lower body mass index, history of heart diseases, and use of glucosamine tend to have a higher risk of recurrent falls and should therefore be comprehensively screened to facilitate timely intervention.
|Translated title of the contribution||Recurrent Falls and Associated Risk Factors in Old Females Living in Rural Community|
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||臺灣老年醫學暨老年學雜誌 ＝ Taiwan Geriatrics & Gerontology|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|