Recycled steel slag as a porous adsorbent to filter phosphorus-rich water with 8 filtration circles

Han Lee, Yen Ling Peng, Liang Ming Whang, Jiunn Der Liao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Steel slag is a secondary product from steelmaking process through alkaline oxygen furnace or electric arc furnace (EAF). The disposal of steel slag has become a thorny environmental protection issue, and it is mainly used as unbound aggregates, e.g., as a secondary component of asphalt concrete used for road paving. In this study, the characteristics of compacted porous steel slag disc (SSD) and its application in phosphorous (P)-rich water filtration are discussed. The SSD with an optimal porosity of 10 wt% and annealing temperature of 900 °C, denoted as SSD-P (10, 900) meets a compressive strength required by ASTM C159-06, which has the capability of much higher than 90% P removal (with the effluent standard < 4 mg P/L) within 3 h, even after eight filtration times. No harmful substances from SSD have been detected in the filtered water, which complies with the effluent standard ISO 14001. The reaction mechanism for P-rich water filtration is mediated by water, followed by two reaction steps—CaO in SSD hydrolyzed from the matrix of SSD to Ca2+ and reacting with PO43−. However, the microenvironment of water is influenced by the pH value of the P-rich water at different filtration times and the kind of P-rich water with different free positive ion that interferes the reactions of the release of Ca2+. This study demonstrates the application of circular economy in reducing steel slag deposits, filtering P-rich water, and collecting Ca3(PO4)2 pre-cipitate into fertilizers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3187
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jun 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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