Redio: Accelerating Disk-Based Graph Processing by Reducing Disk I/Os

Chengwen Wu, Guangyan Zhang, Yang Wang, Xinyang Jiang, Weimin Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Disk-based graph systems store part or all of graph data on external devices like hard drives or SSDs, achieving scalability without excessive hardware. However, massive expensive disk I/Os remain the major performance bottleneck of disk-based graph processing. In this paper, we propose Redio, a new approach to accelerating disk-based graph processing by reducing disk I/Os. First, Redio observes that it is feasible to accommodate all vertex states in main memory and this can eliminate almost all vertex-related disk I/Os. Second, Redio introduces a dynamic selective scheduling scheme to identify inactive edges in each iteration and skip them when and only when such skipping can bring performance benefit. To improve its effectiveness, Redioin corporates a compact edge storage to improve data locality and an indexed bitmap to minimize its memory and computation overheads. We have implemented a single-node prototype for Redio under the edge-centric computation model. Extensive experiments show that Redio consistently outperforms well-known edge-centric disk-based systems in all experiments, delivering an average speedup of 4.33 × on HDDs and 5.33 × on SSDs over the fastest among them (i.e., GridGraph). Experimental results also show that Redio delivers an average speedup of 3.13 × on HDDs and 1.28 × on SSDs over the fastest among representative vertex-centric disk-based systems (i.e., FlashGraph).

Original languageEnglish
Article number8489961
Pages (from-to)414-425
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computers
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Redio: Accelerating Disk-Based Graph Processing by Reducing Disk I/Os'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this