Reduced graphene oxide (RGO)-SnOx (x=0,1,2) nanocomposite as high performance anode material for lithium-ion batteries

Yi Zhu Wu, Sanjaya Brahma, Shao Chieh Weng, Chia Chin Chang, Jow Lay Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although, metal oxide-graphene nanocomposites and their applications in Li ion battery is a subject of intense investigation over the years, the synthesis of the composite that often needs high temperature processing along with expensive equipment are the major issues to overcome. We demonstrate a facile, low cost and room temperature synthesis of SnOX (x = 0,1,2) - reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanocomposite where concurrent formation of SnO2, reduction of SnO2 to SnOx nanoparticles and graphene oxide to reduced graphene oxide takes place in one pot in-situ chemical reduction process. Concentration of the reducing agent (NaBH4, 0 mol–0.06 mol) is varied to examine the effect on the formation of the nanocomposite as well as their electrochemical performance. The RGO-SnOx nanocomposite prepared by using 0.04 mol of reducing agent reveal better Li storage performance, stable capacitance (833 mAh g−1 after 50 cycles, 767 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles, current rate = 100 mA g−1), and good rate capability (481 mAh g−1 at ∼1 A g−1). The lithium ion diffusion coefficient of RGO-SnOx (0.04 mol) nanocomposite is estimated as 2.4 × 10−10 m2s−1 that is one/two order higher than other RGO-SnOx nanocomposites which promotes the Li ion transport in the composite. The synthesis procedure has a strong potential to be one of the universal method for the preparation of a variety of composites by the suitable variant in the synthesis protocol.

Original languageEnglish
Article number152889
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

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Graphite
Oxides
Graphene
Nanocomposites
Anodes
Reducing Agents
Reducing agents
Composite materials
Ions
Lithium-ion batteries
Lithium
Capacitance
Metals
Nanoparticles
Temperature
Processing
Costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Reduced graphene oxide (RGO)-SnOx (x=0,1,2) nanocomposite as high performance anode material for lithium-ion batteries",
abstract = "Although, metal oxide-graphene nanocomposites and their applications in Li ion battery is a subject of intense investigation over the years, the synthesis of the composite that often needs high temperature processing along with expensive equipment are the major issues to overcome. We demonstrate a facile, low cost and room temperature synthesis of SnOX (x = 0,1,2) - reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanocomposite where concurrent formation of SnO2, reduction of SnO2 to SnOx nanoparticles and graphene oxide to reduced graphene oxide takes place in one pot in-situ chemical reduction process. Concentration of the reducing agent (NaBH4, 0 mol–0.06 mol) is varied to examine the effect on the formation of the nanocomposite as well as their electrochemical performance. The RGO-SnOx nanocomposite prepared by using 0.04 mol of reducing agent reveal better Li storage performance, stable capacitance (833 mAh g−1 after 50 cycles, 767 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles, current rate = 100 mA g−1), and good rate capability (481 mAh g−1 at ∼1 A g−1). The lithium ion diffusion coefficient of RGO-SnOx (0.04 mol) nanocomposite is estimated as 2.4 × 10−10 m2s−1 that is one/two order higher than other RGO-SnOx nanocomposites which promotes the Li ion transport in the composite. The synthesis procedure has a strong potential to be one of the universal method for the preparation of a variety of composites by the suitable variant in the synthesis protocol.",
author = "Wu, {Yi Zhu} and Sanjaya Brahma and Weng, {Shao Chieh} and Chang, {Chia Chin} and Huang, {Jow Lay}",
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AU - Wu, Yi Zhu

AU - Brahma, Sanjaya

AU - Weng, Shao Chieh

AU - Chang, Chia Chin

AU - Huang, Jow Lay

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Although, metal oxide-graphene nanocomposites and their applications in Li ion battery is a subject of intense investigation over the years, the synthesis of the composite that often needs high temperature processing along with expensive equipment are the major issues to overcome. We demonstrate a facile, low cost and room temperature synthesis of SnOX (x = 0,1,2) - reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanocomposite where concurrent formation of SnO2, reduction of SnO2 to SnOx nanoparticles and graphene oxide to reduced graphene oxide takes place in one pot in-situ chemical reduction process. Concentration of the reducing agent (NaBH4, 0 mol–0.06 mol) is varied to examine the effect on the formation of the nanocomposite as well as their electrochemical performance. The RGO-SnOx nanocomposite prepared by using 0.04 mol of reducing agent reveal better Li storage performance, stable capacitance (833 mAh g−1 after 50 cycles, 767 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles, current rate = 100 mA g−1), and good rate capability (481 mAh g−1 at ∼1 A g−1). The lithium ion diffusion coefficient of RGO-SnOx (0.04 mol) nanocomposite is estimated as 2.4 × 10−10 m2s−1 that is one/two order higher than other RGO-SnOx nanocomposites which promotes the Li ion transport in the composite. The synthesis procedure has a strong potential to be one of the universal method for the preparation of a variety of composites by the suitable variant in the synthesis protocol.

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