Reducing pollutant emissions from a heavy-duty diesel engine by using hydrogen additions

Syu Ruei Jhang, Kang Shin Chen, Sheng Lun Lin, Yuan Chung Lin, Way Lee Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to investigate the effect of conventional diesel engine through the addition of H2 mixture, generated through water electrolysis. In this work, three different ratios of diesel-hydrogen blends, 0%, 0.6% and 1.2% hydrogen by volume used, respectively. The experiments were carried out at the idling condition under constant speed from the low to high engine load with the different amount of H2 mixture. The results showed that the brake thermal efficiency (BTE) increased as the brake specific fuel consumption (BSFC) decreased with an increasing amount of hydrogen. The hydrogen addition leads to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO). At the high operation load, the reduction in emissions was the most significant, but the total hydrocarbon (THC) emissions increased 4.94% and 13.1% on average with the low level of hydrogen addition (0.6% and 1.2% by volume). Nevertheless, the addition of hydrogen lowered nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions at the idling and low load conditions, but increased at the high load, since the thermal NOx dominated at the higher temperature. Consequently, the addition of low level hydrogen decreased CO and CO2 emissions, whereas the THC and NOx emissions increased at the high engine load.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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