We describe regulatory effects that a novel neurotrophin-1/B cell-stimulating factor-3 (NNT-1/BSF-3; also reported as cardiotrophin-like cytokine) has on B cell function. NNT-1/BSF-3 stimulates B cell proliferation and Ig production in vitro. NNT-1/BSF-3-transgenic mice, engineered to express NNT-1/BSF-3 in the liver under control of the apolipoprotein E promoter, show B cell hyperplasia with particular expansion of the mature follicular B cell subset in the spleen and the prominent presence of plasma cells. NNT-1/BSF-3-transgenic mice show high serum levels of IgM, IgE, IgG2b, IgG3, anti-dsDNA Abs, and serum amyloid A. NNT-1/BSF-3-transgenic mice also show non-amyloid mesangial deposits that contain IgM, IgG, and C3 and are characterized by a distinctive ultrastructure similar to that of immunotactoid glomerulopathy. NNT-1/BSF-3-transgenic mice produce high amounts of Ag-specific IgM, IgA, and IgE and low amounts of IgG2a and IgG3. Normal mice treated with NNT-1/BSF-3 also produce high amounts of Ag-specific IgE. NNT-1/BSF-3 regulates immunity by stimulating B cell function and Ab production, with preference for Th2 over Thl Ig types.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy