Relationship of blood pressure control and hospitalization risk to medication adherence among patients with hypertension in Taiwan

Pin Hsuan Wu, Chuh Yuh Yang, Zhi Lian Yao, Wei Zhan Lin, Li Wei Wu, Chih Ching Chang

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62 Citations (Scopus)


Background Despite the efficacy of antihypertensive treatment in preventing cardiovascular complications, there are often problems with medication adherence in hypertensive patients. The objective of this study was to examine the medication adherence and its association with blood pressure (BP) control, cardiovascular disease (CVD) hospitalization, and all-cause hospitalization. MethodsWe conducted a retrospective cohort observation of patients who were treated for hypertension from January 2005 to December 2006. Medical and pharmacy claims were obtained from Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) database, whereas electronic records, including demographic characteristics and clinical information, were retrieved from a disease management program. To determine the degree of medication adherence, we calculated the proportion of days covered (PDC) by filled prescriptions. The associations of medication adherence with BP control, CVD hospitalization, and all-cause hospitalization were examined using multiple logistic regression models.ResultsThe study subjects comprised a total of 29,685 hypertensive patients. Of which, 40.1% of the patients had hypertension history of >5 years and 39.7% of patients had some comorbidity. In total, 85.5% of patients were categorized as adherent, with PDC ≥80; 60% of adherent patients had good BP control. Poor medication adherence was associated with poor BP control (odds ratio (OR) = 1.20, 1.13-1.29), CVD hospitalization (OR = 1.43, 1.14-1.81), and all-cause hospitalization (OR = 1.47, 1.21-1.78).ConclusionOur observation study clearly indicates that lower medication adherence is associated with poor BP control and higher risk of CVD and all-cause hospitalization in hypertensive patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


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