Background: Few measures have been developed to assess the functional status of children with chronic illnesses, a population that has seen its numbers gradually rising in Taiwan. To assess functional status in children, the authors selected and translated an internationally accepted scientific scale with good psychometric properties. Functional Status II(R) (FS II(R)) has been widely used in the West to assess the functional status of children with chronic physical conditions but without disabilities. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to translate the English-version of FS II (R) into a Chinese-version of FS II (R) (C-FS II(R)) and to examine its psychometric properties. Methods: The FS II (R) was translated from English into Chinese and then back translated from Chinese into English. The two English versions were compared to confirm accuracy, with results discussed and appropriate adjustments made to the Chinese version. The C-FS II (R) was administered to 103 caregivers of children with chronic illness. Internal consistency and test-retest were used to assess reliability. Content, construct, and criteria-related validities were conducted to assess validity. Results: Factor analysis found two factors, general health behavior and illness related behavior, to account for 52.25% of total variance. Criteria-related validity was established based on significantly negative correlations between C-FS II (R) and days of absence from school and the numbers of hospitalization. The test-retest correlation coefficient was.91 in a two-week interval. Cronbach's α for general health behavior and illness related behavior subscales were.88 and.79, respectively. The present study shows the C-FS II (R) to have good psychometric properties. Conclusion: Our study results suggest that the C-FS II (R) may be applied to assess children with chronic diseases and used effectively in future studies.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Nursing and Healthcare Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes