In recent years, exploration of the possible use of separable states as a resource to achieve quantum information processing (QIP) tasks has been gaining increasing significance. In this context, a particularly important demonstration has been that nonvanishing discord is the necessary condition for separable states to be used as a resource for remotely preparing any arbitrary pure target state [Nat. Phys. 8, 666 (2012)10.1038/nphys2377]. The present work stems from our observation that not only can resource states with the same discord imply different efficiencies (in terms of average fidelity) of the remote state preparation (RSP) protocol, but also states with higher discord can imply lower RSP efficiency. Therefore, this necessitates identification of the relevant feature of quantum correlations that can appropriately quantify the effectiveness of the resource state for the RSP protocol. To this end, for the two-qubit Bell-diagonal states, we show that an appropriate measure of simultaneous correlations in three mutually unbiased bases can serve to quantify the usefulness of the resource for the RSP task using entangled as well as separable states, including nondiscordant states as a resource. In particular, it is revealed that zero-discord states with such a nonvanishing measure can be useful for remotely preparing a subset of pure target states. Thus, this work shows that, using separable states, an effective resource for QIP tasks such as RSP can be provided by simultaneous correlations in mutually unbiased bases.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics