Removal of endocrine disruptor compounds, CO2 fixation, and macromolecules accumulation in Thermosynechococcus sp. CL-1 cultivation

Birgitta Narindri Rara Winayu, Hsiu Fang Cheng, Hsin Ta Hsueh, Hsin Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, concern on several environmental issues including the pollutant discharge and high concentration of CO2 have gained high interest due to its impact on ecosystem and global warming effect, respectively. Implementation of photosynthetic microorganism carries out numerous advantages including high efficiency of CO2 fixation, the great endurance under extreme conditions and generation of valuable bioproducts. Thermosynechococcus sp. CL-1 (TCL-1), a cyanobacterium, has the ability to perform CO2 fixation and accumulation of various byproducts under extreme conditions like high temperature and alkalinity, presence of estrogen, or even using swine wastewater. This study aimed to assess TCL-1 performance under various endocrine disruptor compounds (bisphenol-A, 17-β-estradiol/E2, and 17-α-ethynilestradiol/EE2), concentrations (0–10 mg/L), light intensities (500–2000 µE/m2/s), and dissolved inorganic carbon/DIC levels (0–113.2 mM). Addition of E2 content even until 10 mg/L carried out insignificant biomass growth interruption along with the improvement in CO2 fixation rate (79.8 ± 0.1 mg/L/h). Besides the influence of E2, application of higher DIC level and light intensity also enhanced the CO2 fixation rate and biomass growth. The highest biodegradation of E2 at 71% was achieved by TCL-1 in the end of 12 h cultivation period. TCL-1 dominantly produced protein (46.7% ± 0.2%), however, production of lipid and carbohydrate (39.5 ± 1.5 and 23.3 ± 0.9%, respectively) also could be considered as the potential source for biofuel production. Thus, this study can provide an efficient strategy in simultaneously dealing with environmental issues with side advantage in production of macromolecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Volume373
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Aug 20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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