Renal denervation reverses ventricular structural and functional remodeling in failing rabbit hearts

Ting Chun Huang, Li Wei Lo, Yu Hui Chou, Wei Lun Lin, Shih Lin Chang, Yenn Jiang Lin, Shin Huei Liu, Wen Han Cheng, Ping Yen Liu, Shih Ann Chen

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Renal denervation (RDN) suppresses the activity of the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system and inflammatory cytokines, leading to the prevention of cardiac remodeling. Limited studies have reported the effects of renal denervation on ventricular electrophysiology. We aimed to use optical mapping to evaluate the effect of RDN on ventricular structural and electrical remodeling in a tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy rabbit model. Eighteen rabbits were randomized into 4 groups: sham control group (n = 5), renal denervation group receiving RDN (n = 5), heart failure group receiving rapid ventricular pacing for 1 month (n = 4), and RDN-heart failure group (n = 4). Rabbit hearts were harvested for optical mapping. Different cycle lengths were paced (400, 300, 250, 200, and 150 ms), and the results were analyzed. In optical mapping, the heart failure group had a significantly slower epicardial ventricular conduction velocity than the other three groups. The RDN-heart failure, sham control, and RDN groups had similar velocities. We then analyzed the 80% action potential duration at different pacing cycle lengths, which showed a shorter action potential duration as cycle length decreased (P for trend < 0.01), which was consistent across all groups. The heart failure group had a significantly longer action potential duration than the sham control and RDN groups. Action potential duration was shorter in the RDN-heart failure group than the heart failure group (P < 0.05). Reduction of conduction velocity and prolongation of action potential duration are significant hallmarks of heart failure, and RDN reverses these remodeling processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8664
JournalScientific reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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