Resilience and probiotic interventions to prevent and recover from shrimp gut dysbiosis

Ramya Kumar, Mei Ying Huang, Chih Ling Chen, Han Ching Wang, Hsiao Pei Lu

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To counter the recurrent outbreaks of bacterial (acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease; AHPND) and viral (white spot disease; WSD) shrimp diseases, which still remain a threat to the global industry, shrimp gut microbiota research has been gaining more attention in recent years, and the use of probiotics in aquaculture has had promising results in improving shrimp gut health and immunity. In this review based on our studies on AHPND and WSD, we summarize our current understanding of the shrimp gastrointestinal tract and the role of the microbiota in disease, as well as effects of probiotics. We focus particularly on the concept of microbiota resilience, and consider strategies that can be used to restore shrimp gut health by probiotic intervention at a crucial time during gut microbiota dysbiosis. Based on the available scientific evidence, we argue that the use of probiotics potentially has an important role in controlling disease in shrimp aquaculture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108886
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Volume139
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous)

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