Responses of rape (Brassica napus var. oleifera L.) to inoculation with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, Pseudomonas putida Am2, Pseudomonas putida Bm3, Alcaligenes xylosoxidans Cm4, and Pseudomonas sp. Dp2, containing 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase were studied using growth pouch and soil cultures. In growth pouch culture, the bacteria significantly increased root elongation of phosphorus-sufficient seedlings, whereas root elongation of phosphorus-deficient seedlings was not affected or was even inhibited by the bacteria. Bacterial stimulation of root elongation of phosphorus-sufficient seedlings was eliminated in the presence of a high ammonia concentration (1 mM) in the nutrient solution. Bacterial effects on root elongation of potassium-deficient and potassium-sufficient seedlings were similar. The bacteria also decreased inorganic phosphate content in shoots of potassium- and phosphorus-sufficient seedlings, reduced ethylene production by phosphorus-sufficient seedlings, and inhibited development of root hairs. The effects of treatment with Ag+, a chemical inhibitor of plant ethylene production, on root elongation, ethylene evolution, and root hair formation were similar to bacterial treatments. The number of bacteria on the roots of phosphorus-deficient seedlings was not limited by phosphorus deficiency. In pot experiments with soil culture, inoculation of seeds with bacteria and treatment with aminoethoxyvinylglycine, an inhibitor of ethylene biosynthesis in plants, increased root and (or) shoot biomass of rape plants. Stimulation of plant growth caused by the bacteria was often associated with a decrease in the content of nutrients, such as P, K, S, Mo, and Ba, in shoots, depending on the strain used. The results obtained show that the growth-promoting effects of ACC-utilizing rhizobacteria depend significantly on the nutrient status of the plant.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology