Fluid resuscitation is vital for treating traumatic hemorrhagic shock (HS), but reperfusion is believed to have the adverse consequences of generating reactive oxygen species and inflammatory cytokines, both of which cause multiple organ dysfunctions. We investigated the effects of various resuscitation fluids on the changes of redox-sensitive molecules after HS and fluid resuscitation (HS/R). We induced HS by bleeding male Sprague-Dawley rats to a blood pressure of 30 to 40 mmHg for 60 minutes. Thirty minutes later, the rats were killed (HS group) or immediately resuscitated with shed blood (HS + BL group), l-isomer lactated Ringer's solution (HS + LR group), or hydroxyethyl starch (HS + HES group). After HS, we found a significant increase in nuclear factor κB DNA binding activity, which was effectively inhibited using HES solution or blood resuscitation. Moreover, resuscitation with blood or LR solution, but not HES solution, induced significant oxidative stress, manifested by a high ratio of oxidized glutathione to reduced glutathione in the lungs, liver, and spleen. HS alone, however, did not increase the ratio of the oxidized glutathione to reduced glutathione in all organs. Although the protein expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 and pro-apoptotic Bax varied in different organs, we found that resuscitation using HES solution prevented the HS-induced reduction of the Bcl-2/Bax ratio in the heart. HES solution was an appropriate resuscitation fluid in reversing nuclear factor κB activation, maintaining the Bcl-2/Bax ratio, and preventing oxidative stress after acute HS.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 May 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Emergency Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine