Oxygen and carbon dioxide sensors are involved in many chemical and biochemical reactions. Consequently, considerable efforts over years have been devoted to discover and improve suitable techniques for measuring gas concentrations by optical fiber sensors. Optical gas sensors consist of a gas-sensitive dye entrapped in a matrix with a high permeability to gas. With such sensors, gas concentration is evaluated based upon the reduction in luminescence intensity caused by gas quenching of the emitting state. However, the luminescence quenching effect of oxygen is highly sensitive to temperature. Thus, a simple, low-cost plastic optical fiber sensor for dual sensing of temperature and oxygen is presented. Also, a modified Stern-Volmer model is introduced to compensate for the temperature drift while the temperature is obtained by above dual sensor. Recently, we presented highly-sensitive oxygen and dissolved oxygen sensors comprising an optical fiber coated at one end with platinum (II) meso-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin (PtTFPP) and PtTFPP entrapped core-shell silica nanoparticles embedded in an n- octyltriethoxysilane(Octyl-triEOS)/tetraethylorthosilane (TEOS) composite xerogel. Also, two-dimensional gas measurement for the distribution of chemical parameters in non-homogeneous samples is developed and is of interest in medical and biological researches.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics