Rice husk agricultural waste-derived low ionic content carbon–silica nanocomposite for green reinforced epoxy resin electronic packaging material

Ya Yu Hsieh, Yun Chih Tsai, Jia Rung He, Ping Feng Yang, Hong Ping Lin, Chun Han Hsu, Aswaghosh Loganathan

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Abstract

The present study focused on the preparation and characterization of a bio-based carbon-silica material derived from rice husk agricultural waste and its function in epoxy matrix for electronic packaging applications. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms, and scanning electron microscopy were used to characterize the structure as well as morphology of the resultant carbon–silica material, namely black rice husk ash, called BRH. Thermogravimetric analysis results suggest that improved thermal stability can be achieved by reducing the ionic content of the BRH materials through the pre-acid-hydrothermal technique. The ionic content of [Cl], [Na+], and [K+] of the BRH sample respectively were 4.3, 9.8, and 9.0 ppm after further post-hydrothermal process. In addition, the XRD diagram shows that the structure of the calcined BRH material, is in amorphous form, which is non-toxic to humans. For packaging application, an improvement of 147% in storage modulus and 49% in CTE by the addition of 46% filler was realized. In addition, compared with pure polymer, the thermal conductivity values of the epoxy/pre-BRH composites were improved by 142%. From these results, it was concluded that this BRH filler derived from waste rice husks can promote the thermal stability, thermal-mechanical strength, and thermal conduction of the Epoxy/BRH composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-499
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume78
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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