Aims: To conduct a population-based study comparing age- and sex-specific risk estimates of heart failure (HF) between people with type 2 diabetes and people without diabetes, and to investigate the risks of HF in association with type 2 diabetes in people with various coronary heart diseases (CHDs). Materials and methods: We used a nationally representative sample (one million people) selected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) system. A total of 34 291 patients with type 2 diabetes were identified from ambulatory care claims in 2000, and the same number of age- and sex-matched controls were randomly selected from the registry of NHI beneficiaries in the same year. All study subjects were linked to inpatient claims (2000-2013) to identify the possible admissions for HF. Using a Cox proportional hazard regression model, we compared the relative hazards of HF in relation to type 2 diabetes according to various age and sex stratifications. We also compared the relative hazard of HF between type 2 diabetes and controls, with and without histories of various CHDs and coronary revascularization procedures. Results: Compared with absence of diabetes (control group), type 2 diabetes was significantly associated with an increased hazard of HF (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 1.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.40-1.54]. In both sexes, those with type 2 diabetes aged <45 years had the highest increased hazard of HF, with an aHR of 2.54 (95% CI 1.62-3.98) and 4.12 (95% CI 2.35-7.23) for men and women, respectively. Compared with the control subjects without any CHD, people with type 2 diabetes without prior CHD had increased hazards of HF (aHR 1.54, 95% CI 1.41-1.68, in men and aHR 1.56, 95% CI 1.43-1.71, in women), which were similar to the aHRs for people without diabetes who had histories of heart diseases (aHR 1.60 and 1.55 for men and women, respectively). Conclusions: Diabetes mellitus may increase the risk of HF in both men and women, as well as in all age groups, especially in young people. People with type 2 diabetes without CHD had a similarly increased risk of HF to that of control subjects with CHD. Certain coronary revascularization procedures and CHDs, including percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography, coronary artery bypass surgery and acute myocardial infarction, were found to greatly increase risk of HF in people with type 2 diabetes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism