With the growth of fandom population, a considerable amount of broadcast sports videos have been recorded, and a lot of research has focused on automatically detecting semantic events in the recorded video to develop an efficient video browsing tool for a general viewer. However, a professional sportsman or coach wonders about high level semantics in a different perspective, such as the offensive or defensive strategy performed by the players. Analyzing tactics is much more challenging in a broadcast basketball video than in other kinds of sports videos due to its complicated scenes and varied camera movements. In this paper, by developing a quadrangle candidate generation algorithm and refining the model fitting score, we ameliorate the court-based camera calibration technique to be applicable to broadcast basketball videos. Player trajectories are extracted from the video by a CamShift-based tracking method and mapped to the real-world court coordinates according to the calibrated results. The player position/trajectory information in the court coordinates can be further analyzed for professional-oriented applications such as detecting wide open event, retrieving target video clips based on trajectories, and inferring implicit/explicit tactics. Experimental results show the robustness of the proposed calibration and tracking algorithms, and three practicable applications are introduced to address the applicability of our system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Signal Processing
- Media Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering