Employing user pairing schemes in uplink virtual multiple-input multiple-output (V-MIMO) systems can significantly improve system capacity owing to multi-user diversity. Most of the existing user pairing algorithms were developed under the assumption that a scheduler always possesses the perfect channel state information (CSI). In this paper, taking into account the effects of channel estimation error (CEE), the authors propose a robust user pairing algorithm based on a closed-form average sum rate under CEE. In addition, the authors further propose an adaptive user selection scheme as an effort to maximise the sum rates owing to the rate constraint under CEE. The gain of the proposed method is shown in simulation results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering