Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the most serious complications in patients with cirrhosis. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of SBP caused by Escherichia coli isolates with or without the K1 capsule antigen in cirrhotic patients and the outcome. From January 2004 to January 2012, a total of 54 and 41 E. coli strains derived from patients with SBP and intestinal perforation (IP), respectively, were included for comparison in this study. Bacterial characteristics including phylogenetic groups, K1 capsule antigen, and 14 virulence factor genetic determinants, as well as data regarding patient characteristics, clinical manifestations, and in-hospital deaths, were collected and analyzed. The prevalence of the K1 capsule antigen gene neuA was more common in SBP isolates compared to IP isolates (28 % vs. 10 %, p = 0.0385). Phylogenetic groups B2 and group D were dominant in E. coli isolates with and without the K1 capsule antigen, respectively. The prevalence of virulence factors genes papG II, ompT, and usp was higher in E. coli K1 strains. There were 26 deaths (48 %) during hospitalization. Presence of the K1 capsule antigen in E. coli isolates was significantly associated with in-hospital death in cirrhotic patients with SBP (42 % vs. 14 %, p = 0.0331). This study demonstrates a higher prevalence of the K1 capsule antigen in E. coli SBP compared to E. coli peritonitis caused by IP. There were significant associations between the K1 capsule antigen and in-hospital mortality and bacterial virulence in cirrhotic patients with E. coli SBP.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Mar 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases