This study was conducted to examine reflex mechanisms that mediate urinary bladder and external urethral sphincter (EUS) coordination in urethane-anesthetized female Sprague-Dawley rats. We investigated the properties of EUS reflexes elicited by electrical stimulation of pelvic nerve afferent axons (pelvic-EUS reflex). The changes in the reflexes induced by bladder distension and administration of agonists or antagonists for glutamatergic or serotonergic receptors were examined. The reflexes consisted of an early response (ER, 18- to 22-ms latency) and a late, long-duration (>100-ms latency) response (LR), which consisted of bursts of activity at 20- to 160-ms interburst intervals. In a few experiments, a reflex with an intermediate (40- to 70-ms) latency was also identified. With the bladder empty, the ER, but not the LR, was detected in the majority of experiments. The LR was markedly enhanced when the bladder was distended. The ER remained, but the LR was abolished, after spinal cord transection at T 8-T 9. The ER and LR were significantly decreased 75 and 35%, respectively, by the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist MK-801 (0.3 mg/kg iv), but only decreased 18 and 14%, respectively, by the α-amino-5-methylisoxazole-4- propionate receptor antagonist LY-215490 (3 mg/kg iv). The serotonin (5-HT 1A) receptor agonist 8-hydroxy-2-(d-in-propylamino)-tetralin (1 mg/kg iv) enhanced spontaneous EUS activity and the pelvic-EUS reflex. WAY-100635 (0.1-1 mg/kg iv), a 5-HT 1A antagonist, reversed the effect of 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)-tetralin and suppressed EUS activity and the pelvic-EUS reflex. These results indicate that glutamatergic and serotonergic mechanisms are important in the reflex pathways underlying bladder-sphincter coordination in rats.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)