We investigated the effects of oscillatory flow in regulating the gene expressions of type I collagen (COL1, the main component of human bone tissues) and osteopontin (OPN, the key gene for calcium deposition) in human osteoblast-like (MG-63) cells, and the roles of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in this regulation. The cells were subjected to oscillatory flow (0.5 ± 4 dyn/cm2) or kept under static condition for various time periods (15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, 8 h, and 16 h). Oscillatory flow caused significant up-regulations of both COL1 and OPN gene expressions over the 16 h of study, and a transient activation of MAPKs was starting at 15 min and declining to basal level in 2 h. The flow-induction of COL1 was blocked by an ERK inhibitor (PD98059) and reduced by a JNK inhibitor (SP600125), whereas that of OPN was abolished by PD98059. Analysis of the cis-elements in the COL1 and OPN promoters suggests the involvement of transacting factors Elk-1 and AP-1 in the transcription regulation. The ERK inhibitor (PD98059) blocked Elk-1 phosphorylation, as well as COL1 and OPN gene expression. The JNK inhibitor (SP600125) abolished c-jun phosphorylation and COL1 expression. These results suggest that the flow-induction of OPN was mediated through the ERK-Elk1-OPN pathway, and that COL1 was regulated by both the ERK-Elk1-COL1 and JNK-c-JUN-COL1 pathway.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology