Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism of Single-Layer MoS2 Induced by Antiferromagnetic Proximity of Yttrium Iron Garnet

Shiao Po Tsai, Chao Yao Yang, Chien Ju Lee, Li Syuan Lu, Hsia Ling Liang, Jun Xiao Lin, Yi Hsing Yu, Chin Chung Chen, Tien Kan Chung, Chao Cheng Kaun, Hua Shu Hsu, Ssu Yen Huang, Wen Hao Chang, Liang Ching He, Chih Huang Lai, Kang L. Wang

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Single-layered MoS2 is a naturally stable material. Integrating spin, valley, and circularly polarized photons is an interesting endeavor to achieve advanced spin-valleytronics. In this study, room-temperature ferromagnetism in MoS2 induced by the magnetic proximity effect (MPE) of yttrium iron garnet (YIG) and the antiferromagnetic coupling at the interface is demonstrated. Insulating YIG without charge carriers is an excellent magnetic candidate featuring a long spin diffusion length and remarkable surface flatness, enabling long-range magnetic interactions with MoS2. Spin-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) reveal that the spin-polarized valleys of MoS2 can achieve sustained ferromagnetism even at room temperature. The bandgap-sensitivity of MCD further demonstrates the extent of antiferromagnetic coupling between the MPE-induced moments of MoS2 and YIG. This work provides a layer-selected approach to study magnetic interactions/configurations in the YIG/MoS2 bilayer and highlights the role of MoS2 in achieving the MPE toward high temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2000104
JournalAdvanced Quantum Technologies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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