Room-Temperature Nanoseconds Spin Relaxation in WTe2 and MoTe2 Thin Films

Qisheng Wang, Jie Li, Jean Besbas, Chuang Han Hsu, Kaiming Cai, Li Yang, Shuai Cheng, Yang Wu, Wenfeng Zhang, Kaiyou Wang, Tay Rong Chang, Hsin Lin, Haixin Chang, Hyunsoo Yang

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Weyl semimetal WTe2 and MoTe2 show great potential in generating large spin currents since they possess topologically protected spin-polarized states and can carry a very large current density. In addition, the intrinsic non-centrosymmetry of WTe2 and MoTe2 endows with a unique property of crystal symmetry-controlled spin–orbit torques. An important question to be answered for developing spintronic devices is how spins relax in WTe2 and MoTe2. Here, a room-temperature spin relaxation time of 1.2 ns (0.4 ns) in WTe2 (MoTe2) thin film using the time-resolved Kerr rotation (TRKR) is reported. Based on ab initio calculation, a mechanism of long-lived spin polarization resulting from a large spin splitting around the bottom of the conduction band, low electron–hole recombination rate, and suppression of backscattering required by time-reversal and lattice symmetry operation is identified. In addition, it is found that the spin polarization is firmly pinned along the strong internal out-of-plane magnetic field induced by large spin splitting. This work provides an insight into the physical origin of long-lived spin polarization in Weyl semimetals, which could be useful to manipulate spins for a long time at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700912
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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