The stiffness and damping coefficients of a slider gas bearing operating under arbitrary Knudsen number are calculated. A perfect gas is used as the lubricant, and its behavior is described by the modified average Reynolds equation proposed by Makino etal. (1993). The effects of molecular mean free-path on the roughness-induced flow factors are included. The effects of the nondimensional film thickness, Hs0, the surface characteristics, (γ1, γ2). the inverse Knudsen number. D0, the nondimensional frequency, Ω, and the modified bearing number. Λb, on the dynamic coefficients are discussed in this paper. As expected, the values of dynamic coefficients for various roughness orientations approach the smooth value as the ratio, Hs0, becomes greater and greater, and thus the roughness effect is getting smaller and smaller. The air film of two-sided longitudinal oriented roughness is stiffer than the other two-sided oriented cases. The effect on translational damping coefficients for various two-sided oriented roughnesses is reversed as D0 greater than some value, and this value is affected significantly by Λb. Transversely rough stationary case has the lowest critical value of Λb, at which the negative translational damping appears. The results show that the roughness effect and rarefaction effect on dynamic coefficients are significant, and they cannot be ignored for stability analysis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films