Running alone or in groups? Social capital and quality of life considerations

Kyriaki Kaplanidou, Shang Chun Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines how running participant exercise behaviours such as running alone or in groups moderate the relationship between social capital and quality of life (QoL) along with how demographics characteristics of the participants influence QoL. We analysed 539 running participants’ responses collected on-site in Taiwan. The analysis employed structural equation modelling. The findings suggested whether runners train alone or in groups they see positive benefits from the social capital dimensions of collective action and social connections on their QoL. Demographic characteristics such as age, income and current education status were significant predictors of QoL while running alone was better for males and improved their QoL. Older participants and students running in groups had higher QoL perceptions than the reference groups of their category. Sport managers should boost the opportunities for collective engagement among runners and pursue programmes for enhanced social connections among runners.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLeisure Studies
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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