Salt effects on the surface properties of long-chain alkyl substituted crown compounds

Ping-Lin Kuo, Kikuo Tsuchiya, Isao Ikeda, Mitsuo Okahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of added salts on the surface properties of the aqueous solution of alkyl crown compounds were investigated. In some combinations of crown ethers and salts (NaCl or KCl), the critical micelle concentrations (CMCs) were observed to be raised selectively in contrast with the inevitable lowering of CMCs of polyoxyethylene-type nonionics. The addition of salt selectively raised the CMCs of crown compounds depending on the kind of cation and the ring size of the crown compound. This phenomenon agreed with the tendency for cloud point, and was explained by the salting in effect due to the complexation of crown compounds with cations. It was also found that the addition of salt caused the gradual rise of surface tension above CMC, and the γ values increased with the increase of salt concentration, most remarkably for the 18-crown/KCl system. Furthermore, both KCl and NaCl were observed to reduce the foaming property of the aqueous solution of 18-crown and 15-crown selectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-468
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Colloid And Interface Science
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983 Jan 1

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Crown Compounds
Critical micelle concentration
Surface properties
Salts
Cations
Positive ions
Crown Ethers
Crown ethers
Complexation
Polyethylene glycols
Surface tension

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Kuo, Ping-Lin ; Tsuchiya, Kikuo ; Ikeda, Isao ; Okahara, Mitsuo. / Salt effects on the surface properties of long-chain alkyl substituted crown compounds. In: Journal of Colloid And Interface Science. 1983 ; Vol. 92, No. 2. pp. 463-468.
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Salt effects on the surface properties of long-chain alkyl substituted crown compounds. / Kuo, Ping-Lin; Tsuchiya, Kikuo; Ikeda, Isao; Okahara, Mitsuo.

In: Journal of Colloid And Interface Science, Vol. 92, No. 2, 01.01.1983, p. 463-468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kuo, Ping-Lin

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AB - The effects of added salts on the surface properties of the aqueous solution of alkyl crown compounds were investigated. In some combinations of crown ethers and salts (NaCl or KCl), the critical micelle concentrations (CMCs) were observed to be raised selectively in contrast with the inevitable lowering of CMCs of polyoxyethylene-type nonionics. The addition of salt selectively raised the CMCs of crown compounds depending on the kind of cation and the ring size of the crown compound. This phenomenon agreed with the tendency for cloud point, and was explained by the salting in effect due to the complexation of crown compounds with cations. It was also found that the addition of salt caused the gradual rise of surface tension above CMC, and the γ values increased with the increase of salt concentration, most remarkably for the 18-crown/KCl system. Furthermore, both KCl and NaCl were observed to reduce the foaming property of the aqueous solution of 18-crown and 15-crown selectively.

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