Sandwiched magnetic coupler for adjustable gear ratio

Foo Hong Leong, Nan Chyuan Tsai, Hsin Lin Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An innovative design of a magnetic coupler for shaft speed amplification is proposed and verified by experiments. The structure of the proposed magnetic coupler is similar to an infinite-stage gearbox. In addition, the mathematical model of flux density is derived to look into the equation of adjustable gear ratio and effect of speed amplification. Moreover, two sets of experiments, namely verification of gear ratio and observation of stall phenomenon, are built up to examine the capabilities and drawbacks of the proposed variable-gear-ratio magnetic coupler. Three types of gear ratios are presented by theoretical analysis at first and then examined by experiments. The gear ratios for these three specific types between the input and output rotors are 4.75, 5.75 and 10.5, respectively. That is, the rotational speed of the output rotor can be precisely and realistically amplified. Besides, in order to reduce the torque inertia of the outer rotor, a ferrite bush is inserted to the inner side of the core rotor to decrease the flux density in the air gap. On the other hand, the overlapped depth of permanent magnets, which are attached onto the inner rotor and outer rotor, has to be appropriately chosen. The smaller the overlapped depth, the weaker is the magnetic attractive force in the air gap. As long as these two modifications (an inserted ferrite bush and the aforesaid overlapped depth) are validated, the torque inertia of the outer rotor can be significantly reduced. Accordingly, the required power to rotate the outer rotor can be greatly reduced if the overlapped depth is shortened. However, insufficient overlapped depth between the high-speed rotor and low-speed rotor will bring about a stall phenomenon caused by the magnetic attractive force between the high-speed rotor and the low-speed rotor being weaker than the start-up torque inertia. In other words, the reduced overlapped depth can also reduce the start-up torque inertia but stall phenomenon may easily occur.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)


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