Satellite observation on the exceptional intrusion of cold water in the Taiwan Strait

Yi Chang, Kuo Tien Lee, Ming An Lee, Kuo Wei Lan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We used satellite-derived sea surface temperature (SST) data for the winters of 1996-2008 to examine the exceptional intrusion of China Coastal Current into the Taiwan Strait. The long term observation reveals that, in 1999 and 2000, the strong wind (> 6 m s-1) lasted for 12 and 16 days with a drop of 5.35 and 5.5°C in SST, respectively. The satellite data also showed that the China Coastal Current intruded from the north of the Chang-Yuen Ridge into the waters surrounding the Peng-Hu Islands, with wind speeds of more than 6.7 m s-1 lasted for 30 days during the same period. The exceptional intrusion resulted in the minimum SST of 12.6°C on 16 February 2008, 7.8°C lower than the 12-year average of February (20.4°C). The higher SST (> 18°C) appeared after 21 February 2008 indicating the northward withdrawal of the cold water. During the period of 15-21 February 2008, the China Coastal Current intruded to as far south as the water around Peng-Hu Islands. To compare the El Niño/La Niña events with regard to SST and wind speed, we found that SST was warmer in the El Niño winters (1998,2003-2005) than in the La Niña winters (1999-2001,2008), and wind speed was more intensive in the La Niña winters (1996,1999-2001,2006,2008) than in the El Niño winters (1998,2003-2005,2007). In the winter of 2008, the wind speed sharply increased on 26 January and lasted for more than 30 days, with wind speed peaked at 7.36 m s-1. The monthly SST in February 2008 was about 7°C lower than that of the 12-year average. This decadal oscillation shows that the wind variation corresponds well with the El Niño/La Niña events, especially, the continuous strong wind in the La Niña winter of 2008. We thus suggest the influence of climate change on wind speed to be responsible for the change in the current. The exceptional cold SSTs around Chang-Yuen Ridge and Peng-Hu Islands in February of 2008 probably were, therefore, caused by the more southward intrusion of China Coastal Current driven by the continuous strong wind.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-669
Number of pages9
JournalTerrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 1

Fingerprint

cold water
strait
sea surface temperature
coastal current
wind velocity
winter
observation satellite
surface wind
satellite data
oscillation
water
climate change

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Chang, Yi ; Lee, Kuo Tien ; Lee, Ming An ; Lan, Kuo Wei. / Satellite observation on the exceptional intrusion of cold water in the Taiwan Strait. In: Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences. 2009 ; Vol. 20, No. 4. pp. 661-669.
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abstract = "We used satellite-derived sea surface temperature (SST) data for the winters of 1996-2008 to examine the exceptional intrusion of China Coastal Current into the Taiwan Strait. The long term observation reveals that, in 1999 and 2000, the strong wind (> 6 m s-1) lasted for 12 and 16 days with a drop of 5.35 and 5.5°C in SST, respectively. The satellite data also showed that the China Coastal Current intruded from the north of the Chang-Yuen Ridge into the waters surrounding the Peng-Hu Islands, with wind speeds of more than 6.7 m s-1 lasted for 30 days during the same period. The exceptional intrusion resulted in the minimum SST of 12.6°C on 16 February 2008, 7.8°C lower than the 12-year average of February (20.4°C). The higher SST (> 18°C) appeared after 21 February 2008 indicating the northward withdrawal of the cold water. During the period of 15-21 February 2008, the China Coastal Current intruded to as far south as the water around Peng-Hu Islands. To compare the El Ni{\~n}o/La Ni{\~n}a events with regard to SST and wind speed, we found that SST was warmer in the El Ni{\~n}o winters (1998,2003-2005) than in the La Ni{\~n}a winters (1999-2001,2008), and wind speed was more intensive in the La Ni{\~n}a winters (1996,1999-2001,2006,2008) than in the El Ni{\~n}o winters (1998,2003-2005,2007). In the winter of 2008, the wind speed sharply increased on 26 January and lasted for more than 30 days, with wind speed peaked at 7.36 m s-1. The monthly SST in February 2008 was about 7°C lower than that of the 12-year average. This decadal oscillation shows that the wind variation corresponds well with the El Ni{\~n}o/La Ni{\~n}a events, especially, the continuous strong wind in the La Ni{\~n}a winter of 2008. We thus suggest the influence of climate change on wind speed to be responsible for the change in the current. The exceptional cold SSTs around Chang-Yuen Ridge and Peng-Hu Islands in February of 2008 probably were, therefore, caused by the more southward intrusion of China Coastal Current driven by the continuous strong wind.",
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Satellite observation on the exceptional intrusion of cold water in the Taiwan Strait. / Chang, Yi; Lee, Kuo Tien; Lee, Ming An; Lan, Kuo Wei.

In: Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Vol. 20, No. 4, 01.08.2009, p. 661-669.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - We used satellite-derived sea surface temperature (SST) data for the winters of 1996-2008 to examine the exceptional intrusion of China Coastal Current into the Taiwan Strait. The long term observation reveals that, in 1999 and 2000, the strong wind (> 6 m s-1) lasted for 12 and 16 days with a drop of 5.35 and 5.5°C in SST, respectively. The satellite data also showed that the China Coastal Current intruded from the north of the Chang-Yuen Ridge into the waters surrounding the Peng-Hu Islands, with wind speeds of more than 6.7 m s-1 lasted for 30 days during the same period. The exceptional intrusion resulted in the minimum SST of 12.6°C on 16 February 2008, 7.8°C lower than the 12-year average of February (20.4°C). The higher SST (> 18°C) appeared after 21 February 2008 indicating the northward withdrawal of the cold water. During the period of 15-21 February 2008, the China Coastal Current intruded to as far south as the water around Peng-Hu Islands. To compare the El Niño/La Niña events with regard to SST and wind speed, we found that SST was warmer in the El Niño winters (1998,2003-2005) than in the La Niña winters (1999-2001,2008), and wind speed was more intensive in the La Niña winters (1996,1999-2001,2006,2008) than in the El Niño winters (1998,2003-2005,2007). In the winter of 2008, the wind speed sharply increased on 26 January and lasted for more than 30 days, with wind speed peaked at 7.36 m s-1. The monthly SST in February 2008 was about 7°C lower than that of the 12-year average. This decadal oscillation shows that the wind variation corresponds well with the El Niño/La Niña events, especially, the continuous strong wind in the La Niña winter of 2008. We thus suggest the influence of climate change on wind speed to be responsible for the change in the current. The exceptional cold SSTs around Chang-Yuen Ridge and Peng-Hu Islands in February of 2008 probably were, therefore, caused by the more southward intrusion of China Coastal Current driven by the continuous strong wind.

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