Se transformation and removal by a cattail litter treatment system inoculated with sulfur-based denitrification sludge: Role of the microbial community composition under various temperature and aeration conditions

Chuanqi Zhou, Zi Jing Wang, Jung Chen Huang, Lixin Zheng, Xinyu Gan, Manping Zhang, Shengbing He, Weili Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With a narrow margin between deficiency and toxicity, rising levels of selenium (Se) are threatening aquatic ecosystems. To investigate the role of microorganisms in Se bioremediation, a cattail litter system inoculated with the sulfur-based denitrification sludge was conducted. The results show the litter, as a carrier and nutrient source for bacteria, efficiently removed Se by ~ 97.0% during a 12-d treatment with water circulating. As the major removal pathways, immobilization rates of selenite were ~ 2.9-fold higher than selenate, and the volatilization, contributing to ~ 87.7% of the total Se removal, was significantly correlated with temperature (positively) and oxidation-reduction potential (ORP; negatively). Using X-ray absorption spectroscopy to speciate litter-borne Se, more Se0 formed without aeration due to abundant Se-reducing bacteria, among which Azospira and Azospirillum were highly related to the removal of both Se oxyanions, while Desulfovibrio, Azoarcus, Sulfurospirillum, Thauera, Geobacter, Clostridium, and Pediococcus were the major contributors to selenate removal. Overall, our study suggests microbial Se metabolism in the litter system was significantly affected by temperature and ORP, which could be manipulated to enhance Se removal efficiency and the transformation of selenate/selenite into low toxic Se0 and volatile Se, reducing risks posed by the residual Se in the system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126617
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume420
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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