Background: Trigger finger is a common hand disease, which is caused by a mismatch in diameter between the tendon and the pulley. Ultrasound images are typically used to diagnose this disease, which are also used to guide surgical treatment. However, background noise and unclear tissue boundaries in the images increase the difficulty of the process. To overcome these problems, a computer-aided tool for the identification of finger tissue is needed. Results: Two datasets were used for evaluation: one comprised different cases of individual images and another consisting of eight groups of continuous images. Regarding result similarity and contour smoothness, our proposed deeply supervised dilated fully convolutional DenseNet (D2FC-DN) is better than ATASM (the state-of-art segmentation method) and representative CNN methods. As a practical application, our proposed method can be used to build a tendon and synovial sheath model that can be used in a training system for ultrasound-guided trigger finger surgery. Conclusion: We proposed a D2FC-DN for finger tendon and synovial sheath segmentation in ultrasound images. The segmentation results were remarkably accurate for two datasets. It can be applied to assist the diagnosis of trigger finger by highlighting the tissues and generate models for surgical training systems in the future. Methods: We propose a novel finger tendon segmentation method for use with ultrasound images that can also be used for synovial sheath segmentation that yields a more complete description for analysis. In this study, a hybrid of effective convolutional neural network techniques are applied, resulting in a deeply supervised dilated fully convolutional DenseNet (D2FC-DN), which displayed excellent segmentation performance on the tendon and synovial sheath.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Biomedical Engineering
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging