Self-Assembled Nanostructures of Quantum Dot/Conjugated Polymer Hybrids for Photonic Synaptic Transistors with Ultralow Energy Consumption and Zero-Gate Bias

Ender Ercan, Yan Cheng Lin, Wei Chen Yang, Wen Chang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Herein, it is reported the influence of solution processing and treatments, such as adding marginal solvent, ultrasonication, and UV treatment, on the resulting perovskite (CsPbBr3) quantum dot (QD)/poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) composite nanofibril films (CNFs) to improve the charge dissociation and photonic synaptic performance. A photonic synaptic transistor with CNFs can perform fundamental functions, including short-term plasticity, long-term plasticity, spike-number-dependent, and spike-time-dependent plasticity, to mimic sensing, computing, and memory functions. Notably, a synaptic device with CNFs presents an ultralow energy consumption of 0.18 fJ and zero-gate operation. The superior performance of synaptic devices with CNFs can be attributed to two factors: (i) homogeneous axial distribution of the QDs and (ii) the formation of P3HT nanofibrils and co-aggregates. Therefore, enhanced interfacial charge transfer between QDs and P3HT, ensuring decent carrier transport capability, is achieved. Collectively, the composite artificial synapse successfully provides an effective guide that offers a new perspective for the fabrication of one-dimensional self-assembled nanostructure-based artificial synapses emulating human-like memory, neuromorphic computing, and artificial intelligent systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2107925
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 2

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biomaterials

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