Smoking by psychiatric patients remains prevalent. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to understand the influence of self-efficacy and its correlates among psychiatric nurses when providing smoking-cessation services (SCS). A convenience sample of 193 nurses from psychiatric institutions was obtained. Surveys were conducted using self-report measures regarding SCS provided by psychiatric nurses. The survey questions focused on self-efficacy, attitude, practical experience, and smoke-free policies, and their implementation in the workplace. The participants reported low self-efficacy for providing SCS in their self-assessment, as demonstrated by their scores of 55.3±20.4, on a scale of 0 (low confidence) to 100 (high confidence). Using multiple linear regressions, statistically-significant, relevant factors included perceived provider-related barriers in providing SCS, environmental tobacco smoke exposure, the nurse's attitude towards a patient smoking, and the nurse's frequency and practical experience in providing SCS. The correlates of this self-efficacy can serve as a reference for in-service curriculum planning of SCS by psychiatric nurses. In addition, policies to limit exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke should be explored.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Phychiatric Mental Health