The copper diffusion barrier properties of an ultrathin self-forming AlOx layer on a porous low-k film have been investigated. Cu-3 at.% Al alloy films were directly deposited onto porous low-k films by co-sputtering, followed by annealing at various temperatures. Transmission electron microscopy micrographs showed that a ∼ 5 nm layer self-formed at the interface after annealing. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis showed that this self-formed layer was Al2O3. Sharp declines of the Cu and Si concentrations at the interface indicated a lack of interdiffusion between Cu and the porous low-k film for annealing up to 600 °C for 30 min. The leakage currents from Cu(Al)/porous low-k/Si structures were similar to as-deposited films even after a 700 °C, 5 min anneal while a Cu sample without Al doping failed at lower temperatures. Adding small amounts of Al to bulk Cu is an effective way to self-form copper diffusion layer for advanced copper interconnects.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry