Sensor random locations and sensor failures can cause coverage holes, routing voids and disconnections and thus degrade sensor network performance. In this paper, we present a self-healing approach that utilises a few mobile sensors to deal with the problems. A mobile sensor can move to an area with a coverage hole or routing void and significantly improve network performance. We design distributed algorithms to detect coverage holes, estimate hole size and repair holes. A mobile sensor may receive multiple repair requests from different areas and it may not have complete information of the network. We present a fuzzy-logic-based distributed decision-making algorithm for mobile sensors. Extensive simulations demonstrate the good performance of proposed algorithms.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Control and Systems Engineering
- Computer Science Applications
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering