Long-range spin transport in magnetic systems can be achieved by means of exchange-mediated spin textures with robust topological winding, a phenomenon referred to as spin superfluidity. Its experimental signatures have been discussed in antiferromagnets, which are nearly free of dipolar interaction. However, in ferromagnets, which possess non-negligible dipole fields, realization of such spin transport has remained a challenge. Using micromagnetic simulations, we investigate coherent exchange-mediated spin transport in extended thin ferromagnetic films. We uncover a two-fluid state in which the long-range spin transport by spin textures coexists with spin waves, as well as a soliton-screened spin transport regime at high spin injection biases. Both states are associated with distinct spin texture reconstructions near the spin injection region and sustain spin transport over large distances.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics