Rainfall-induced landslides are a major threat in Taiwan, particularly during the typhoon season. A precise survey of landslides after a super event is a critical task for disaster, watershed, and forestry land management. In this paper, we utilize high spatial resolution multispectral optical imagery and a digital elevation model (DEM) with an object-oriented analysis technique to develop a scheme for the recognition of landslides using multilevel segmentation and a hierarchical semantic network. Four case studies are presented to evaluate the feasibility of the proposed scheme. Three kinds of remote sensing imagery, namely pan-sharpened FORMOSAT-2 satellite images, aerial digital images from Z/I digital mapping camera, and images acquired by a digital single lens reflex camera mounted on a fixed-wing unmanned aerial vehicle are used. An accuracy assessment is accomplished by evaluating three test sites containing hundreds of landslides associated with the Typhoon Morakot. The input data include ortho-rectified image and DEM. Four spectral and one topographic object features are derived for semiautomatic landslide recognition. The threshold values are determined semiautomatically by statistical estimation from a few training samples. The experimental results show that the proposed approach can counteract the commission/omission errors and achieve missing/branching factors at less than 0.12 with a quality percentage of 81.7%. The results demonstrate the feasibility and accuracy of the proposed landslide recognition scheme even when different optical sensors are utilized.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Feb|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)