Bio-hydrogen production from starch was carried out using a two-stage process combining thermophillic starch hydrolysis and dark H2 fermentation. In the first stage, starch was hydrolyzed by Caldimonas taiwanensis On1 using sequencing batch reactor (SBR). In the second stage, Clostridium butyricum CGS2 was used to produce H2 from hydrolyzed starch via continuous dark hydrogen fermentation. Starch hydrolysis with C. taiwanensis On1 was operated in SBR under pH 7.0 and 55 °C. With a 90% discharge volume, the reducing sugar (RS) production from SBR reactor reached 13.94 g RS/L, while the reducing sugar production rate and starch hydrolysis rate was 0.92 g RS/h/L and 1.86 g starch/h/L, respectively, which are higher than using other discharge volumes. For continuous H2 production with the starch hydrolysate, the highest H2 production rate and yield was 0.52 L/h/L and 13.2 mmol H2/g total sugar, respectively, under a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 12 h. The best feeding nitrogen source (NH4HCO3) concentration was 2.62 g/L, attaining a good H2 production efficiency along with a low residual ammonia concentration (0.14 g/L), which would be favorable to follow-up photo H2 fermentation while using dark fermentation effluents as the substrate.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology